Boehmer Box: We Package Performance
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Acronyms, Organizations and Terms

Acronyms to watch for include:

CMUM Consumer Meaningful Unit of Measure, e.g., X loads of laundry per box
GHG Green House Gas
LCA Life Cycle Analysis
LCI Life Cycle Inventory
SVN Sustainable Value Network
UV Ultraviolet; pertaining to the curing of printing inks
VOC Volatile Organic Compound

Organizations

ASTM American Society for Testing Materials
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
FSC Forest Stewardship Council
ISO International Standards Organization
NGOs Non-government organizations, e.g., Environmental Defense, Sustainable Packaging Coalition

Terms & Definitions

Carbon Credit Carbon credits are a way of reducing greenhouse effect emissions on an industrial scale by capping total annual emissions and allowing the market to assign a monetary value to any shortfall through trading. Credits can be exchanged between businesses or bought and sold in international markets at prevailing market prices.
Carbon Credit Exchange The Kyoto protocol has sanctioned carbon offsets as a way for governments and private companies to earn carbon credits that can be traded. Organizations having difficulty meeting their emissions quotas are able to offset their obligation by buying credits.
Carbon Footprint A calculation of the impact human activities have on the environment, measured in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, and expressed as units of carbon dioxide.
Cradle-to-Cradle This is a way of thinking about life cycles. If the grave of one cycle can be the cradle of its own or another, the life cycles are called cradle-to-cradle.
Cradle-to-Gate Cradle-to-gate is the life cycle analysis [LCA] of the efficiency of a product or service until it is produced or delivered.
Cradle-to-Grave Cradle-to-grave is the LCA of the materials used in making a product: from the extraction of materials and energy to the return of materials to the earth when the product is finally discarded. All inputs and outputs are considered for every phase.
MarketGate A resource developed to support consumer product goods suppliers in their search for raw material suppliers, packaging converters, co-packers and other providers able to help them meet their sustainability objectives.
Packaging Modeling This is an educational tool for manufacturers providing packaging to retailers. It allows the user to create packages using a scorecard identical to that of the Wal-Mart Sustainable Packaging Scorecard, to determine a package score or to run comparisons against existing packaging.
Scorecard Metrics Metrics for the packaging scorecard were developed by a group of 200 leaders in the global packaging industry. They are:

15% – Based on GHG/CO2 per ton of production
15% – Based on health and safety
15% – Based on package to product ratio
15% – Based on cube utilization
10% – Based on transportation/average distance
10% – Based on recycled distance
10% – Based on recovery value
5% – Based on renewal energy
5% – Based on innovation
Wal-Mart Packaging Scorecard A measurement tool that allows suppliers to evaluate themselves and their products based on specific metrics.
7Rs of Packaging Wal-Mart and SAMíS CLUB buyers created this list of specific packaging issues. To help Wal-Mart meet its sustainability goals, suppliers are asked to consider these 7Rs when it comes to their packaging.

Remove Packaging – Eliminate unnecessary packaging, extra boxes or layers
Reduce Packaging – Right size packages and optimize material strength
Reuse Packaging – Pallets and reusable plastic containers
Renewable Packaging – Use materials made of renewable resources; select biodegradable or compostable materials
Recyclable Packaging – Use materials made of the highest quality recycled content without compromising quality
Revenue – Achieve all of the above principles at cost parity or savings
Read – Educate yourself on sustainability and how it can be supported

 
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